Memory Disorders

About Our Memory Disorders Program:

NCD physicians work with our primary care physicians to identify and treat patients at the earliest stages of memory decline. We use a multidisciplinary approach to treat all types of memory conditions, from mild dementia to Alzheimer’s disease. Our specialists share their expertise in using advanced technology and research to diagnose, treat, and manage these potentially debilitating conditions, with the goal to prolong independence for our patients.

If there are concerns about changes in memory, thinking, behavior, or mood, in yourself or someone you care about, contact our office. Our team will perform a physical exam, discuss symptoms, and assess mental status. Our team of specialists are equipped with onsite imaging, clinical research trials, diagnostic testing and more to ensure a 

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Our Memory Disorder Team:

While all of our physicians diagnose and treat general memory disorders, we have a few physicians that specialize in cognitive decline & memory care.

Team Approach to Care

At NCD, we deliver personalized memory care from a team led by fellowship-trained neurologists who specialize in memory disorders and many other specialists who collaborate to give you the best care possible. Your memory care team may include:

  • Neurocritical care neurologists [Hospitalists]
  • Specially-trained nurse practitioners
  • Physical, occupational and speech therapists trained in neuro care
  • A clinical research team dedicated to cognitive function research
  • Medical Assistants trained in neuro care
  • Neuro pharmacists

Memory disorders occur when damage to certain parts of the brain prevents or reduces the ability to store, retain, or remember memories. Memory disorders also impact cognitive capabilities and social behaviors, affecting language, problem-solving skills, and the ability to perform simple tasks. They can range from mild to severe and progressive to immediate.

Trauma & stroke, among other conditions such as an infection or reaction to medicine, can lead to dementia and other memory disorders. Dementia affects people of all ages, but is more commonly found in older people. Dementia is a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.

Alzheimer’s Disease: The most common form of dementia caused by changes to nerves in the brain that become tangled, form plaques, and lose their connections to other nerves. Alzheimer’s disease gets worse over time.

Vascular Dementia: Decreased or blocked blood flow damages brain tissue. This is the second-most common form of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.


Dementia with Lewy Bodies
: As the brain’s tissue breaks down, abnormal protein deposits called Lewy bodies form, causing dementia symptoms. This disease also carries Parkinson’s Disease symptoms as well as hallucinations.


Frontotemporal Dementia
: A condition that affects nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. As the cells die, the lobes shrink.


Mild cognitive impairment
: You or your family may notice changes or a decline in your memory, language, thinking or judgments, but this does not interfere with your regular activities. 


Mixed Dementia:
A combination of dementia symptoms caused by Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.

Memory problems and dementia from Alzheimer’s disease and other conditions tend to show up in stages as the disease progresses. A sudden onset of symptoms may also occur.

Symptoms may include:

  • Confusion
  • Inability to communicate or word finding difficulty
  • Inability to learn new things
  • Language problems
  • Memory loss, usually noticed over time
  • Paranoia or hallucinations
  • Repeating questions or stories multiple times
  • Trouble managing money or paying bills
  • Trouble with reasoning
  • Wandering or getting lost 
  • Forgetting how to do a task one has done repeatedly
  • Inability to recognize family members or close friends
  • Slowing of daily living tasks due to forgetfulness or not understanding
  • Change in behavior, such as agitation or depression due to forgetfulness

Our team of experts understand that cognitive decline is very frightening and frustrating. Your doctor will talk with you and family members about your concerns and to learn more about your lifestyle, personality, work habits, medical history, and overall health. We also team up with your primary care physician or other specialists to understand the types of medications, symptoms and treatments you’ve had throughout the years to distinguish a proper diagnosis. In order to understand your health further, your physician will most likely order testing to rule out any other causes.

n order to diagnose your disorder properly, your physician will most likely order testing to rule out any other causes.

Your diagnostic tests may include:

  • Neurological tests to diagnose thinking and memory problems, including a mini mental exam (MME) during your appointment.
  • Physical and neurological exam to test:
  • Reflexes
  • Muscle tone and strength
  • Ability to get up from a chair and walk
  • Sense of sight and hearing
  • Coordination
  • Balance
  • Lab tests to test the blood for treatable causes of memory loss, such as:
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Specialized brain imaging studies, including:
  • Computed tomography (CT) to rule out causes such as stroke
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine how the brain has changed
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) to detect levels of plaques (abnormal clusters of protein) or tangles (twists in the brain’s transport system) in the brain
  • Neuropsychological testing uses specialized cognitive, language, memory, and motor skills tasks to check specific brain structures or pathways.

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NCD Testing Center

Learn more about the testing available for seizures in our Neuro Testing Center.